Biblical Buildings and Structures Discovered by Archaeologists
Archaeologist Bryant Wood,
research director of Associates for Biblical Research and editor of the archaeology magazine Bible
and Spade, lists a number of man made structures mentioned in the Bible that have been identified
and excavated. Following are some of the most interesting:
- The pool of Gibeon where the forces of David and Ishbosheth fought during the struggle for
the kingship of Israel (2 Samuel 2:12-32).
- The royal palace at Samaria where the kings of Israel lived (1 Kings 20:43; 21:1, 2; 22:39; 2 Kings 1:2; 15:25).
- The water tunnel beneath Jerusalem dug by King Hezekiah to provide water during the
Assyrian siege (2 Kings 20:20; 2 Chronicles 32:30).
- The royal palace in Babylon where King Belshazzar held the feast and Daniel interpreted
the handwriting on the wall (Daniel 5).
- The royal palace in Susa where Esther was queen of the Persian king Xerxes (Esther 1:2; 2:3, 5, 9, 16).
- The royal gate at Susa where Mordecai, Esther's cousin, sat (Esther 2:19,21; 3:2, 3; 4:2; 5:9, 13; 6:10, 12).
- The foundation of the synagogue at Capernaum where Jesus performed miracles and taught (Mark 1:21-28; John 6:25-59).
- The house of Peter at Capernaum where Jesus healed Peter's mother-in-law and others (Matthew 8:14-16).
- Jacob's well where Jesus spoke to the Samaritan woman (John 4).
- The Pool of Bethesda in Jerusalem, where Jesus healed a crippled man (John 5:1-14).
- The Pool of Siloam in Jerusalem, where Jesus healed a blind man (John 9:1-4).
- The tribunal at Corinth where the apostle Paul was tried (Acts 18:12-17).
- The theater at Ephesus where the riot of silversmiths occurred (Acts 19:29).
- Herod's palace at Caesarea where Paul was kept under guard (Acts 23:33-35). ("Have Any Man-Made
Structures Mentioned in the Bible Been Unearthed by Archaeologists?" ChristianAnswer.net, 1996).
In addition to these, recent excavations in Jerusalem have tentatively identified parts ofthe following structures:
- David's palace, which he had built in Jerusalem (2 Samuel 5:11).
- Solomon's fortifications for the city of Jerusalem (1 Kings 11:27).
- The defensive wall constructed under Nehemiah after the Jewish exiles' return from Babylon (Nehemiah 3; 4:1-6).